The Effect of Working Time Preferences and Fair Wage Perceptions on Entrepreneurial Intentions among Employees

To date, little is known about how working time preferences and fair wage perceptions affect employees’ entrepreneurial intentions. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study, we provide first evidence that the difference between the actual and desired amount of working hours in paid employment is positively related to the propensity to switch to self-employment. Furthermore, our analysis supports the hypothesis that employees who perceive their current wage level as very unfair are more likely to have higher entrepreneurial intentions. However, the closer actual wages get to the wage levels perceived as fair, the more employees are likely to remain in their current employment situation. We also tested the interaction effect of working time preferences and fair wage perceptions. In line with our theoretical considerations, we find that employees who perceive their wages as unfair and, simultaneously, prefer different work hours have the strongest entrepreneurial intentions.

Werner, A.; Gast, J.; Kraus, J. (2014): The Effect of Working Time Preferences and Fair Wage Perceptions on Entrepreneurial Intentions among Employees (Nominiert für den  FGF-Best Entrepreneurship Research Newcomer Award 2012). Small Business Economics, Vol. 43, No. 1, 137-160.

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