The Impact of the Employment History on Women's Start-up Activities

Despite a steady increase in the number of self-employed women, the so-called gender gap has hardly diminished. Based on the National Educational Panel Study (NEPS), the present study analyses if and to which extent, family-induced employment breaks – which from a theoretical perspective go along with a loss of human capital – explain women's lower start-up propensities. The results of the study do not show a clear (negative) relationship between family-induced employment breaks and the transition into self-employment. If employment breaks are not coupled with a (later) employment guarantee, they even significantly increase the start-up probability.

Kay, R.; Schneck, S.; Suprinovič, O. (2014): Erwerbsbiografische Einflüsse auf das Gründungsverhalten von Fraue, in: Institut für Mittelstandsforschung Bonn (Hrsg.): IfM-Materialien Nr. 230, Bonn.

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