University-level institutions are an important source of innovations. However, there are a lot of inventions of academics at German universities, which are not transferred into a commercial use. We analysed how academics' characteristics, working conditions, and the institutional context affect the likelihood to innovate and commercialize their inventions. Our results show that scientists, who are male, work full-time, do applied or multi-disciplinary research with a secondary employment innovate more often. To commercially exploit their inventions, we no longer find a gender effect but higher levels of professional experience and distinct human capital resources facilitating this step of innovation activity.
Bijedić, T.; Brink, S.; Chlosta, S.; Werner, A. (2016): Verwertung der Innovationen von an Hochschulen tätigen Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftlern, IfM Bonn: IfM-Materialien Nr. 243, Bonn.