German immigration policies aim at attracting highly-skilled foreigners from countries outside the European Union to tackle shortages of skilled labour in this country. The objective of the study is to identify innovative instruments for a selective steering of immigration. The study describes recent patterns of migration and analysis the strategies applied by other countries to increase the immigration of foreign skilled labour. The findings lead to the conclusion that the recent introduction of the EU Blue Card is the most decisive step in reforming the German immigration system. In addition to large enterprises, especially technology intensive SME will benefit from this new system. But the scope of action in the field of residence law is rather limited. A transition from a primarily demand-driven to a supply-steering system would basically be feasible but would imply a major change in policy towards an open immigration regulation.
Maaß, F.; Icks, A. (2012): Analyse des deutschen Zuwanderungssystems, in: Institut für Mittelstandsforschung Bonn (Hrsg.): IfM-Materialien Nr. 217, Bonn.