Sustainability aims at a responsible use of natural resources and the environment as well as at shaping corporate relations and restructuring the constitution of the firm. As such, sustainability is commonly and successfully used by small, medium as well as large enterprises. Enterprises that turn sustainability into a strategic business goal, going beyond legal compliance and philanthropic generosity, can make use of a variety of instruments within the scope of Stakeholder Management and Corporate Compliance. Other existing management concepts turn out to be variants of the before mentioned strategic concepts. Enterprises recognise in resource gains as well as signal-, motivation- and binding-effects the main impacts of their sustainable involvement. The effects of enterprise sustainability on the national economy, however, can hardly be quantified.
Maaß, F.; Chlosta, S.; Icks, A.; Welter, F. (2014): Konzepte und Wirkungen nachhaltigen Unternehmertums, in: Institut für Mittelstandsforschung Bonn (Hrsg.): IfM-Materialien Nr. 227, Bonn.