Knowledge of great commercial value is unexploited in universities. Thus, policy makers have started to foster knowledge transfer activities by incentivizing academic entrepreneurship. To date, however, little is known whether the incentives provided so far by the universities have raised the start-up inclination of their scientific staff. Using data of 5,992 academic scientists in 73 German universities, we analyze how working conditions, network structures, and institutions affect the likelihood of the scientific staff to get engaged in entrepreneurial activity. We find that for example role models ("peers”) as well as the infrastructure - namely consulting offers, start-up camps, awards and patent exploitation agencies - have a strong positive impact on the entrepreneurial propensity of scientists.
Bijedic, T.; Maaß, F.; Schröder, C.; Werner, A. (2014): Der Einfluss institutioneller Rahmenbedingungen auf die Gründungsneigung von Wissenschaftlern an deutschen Hochschulen, in: IfM Bonn (Hrsg.), IfM-Materialien Nr. 233, Bonn.